Molecular formula: C8H7N3O2
Molecular weight: 177.16
CAS#: 521-31-3
Shape: light yellow powder 
Assay: ≥98%
Uses: luminol is used for analytical purposes and chemistry demonstrations.
Structural formula:
Related information of Luminol
Luminol is an organic compound which, when oxidized, emits light — a phenomenon known as chemiluminescence.  This is similar to the reactions that fireflies uses to emit light, and to those used in "glow-sticks" and some roadside emergency lights.
In this reaction, a small amount of luminol is dissolved in a basic aqueous solution, which also contains a small amount of copper(II) sulfate.  To this solution is added a solution of a mild oxidizing agent, which is 0.3% hydrogen peroxide in the demonstration below.  (Bleach is also used in some recipes as the oxidizing agent.)  The reaction is believed to occur by the following mechanism:
The luminol is converted by the basic solution into the resonance-stabilized dianion 1, which is oxidized by the hydrogen peroxide into the dicarboxylate ion 2, accompanied by the loss of molecular nitrogen, N2.  When the molecule 2 is formed, it is in an excited (higher energy) electronic state, and sheds its "extra" energy by emitting a photon of light (hn), allowing the molecule to go to its ground state form (3).
In aqueous solutions, the luminol oxidation is catalyzed by the presence of a metal ion, such as iron(II) or copper(II).  [In the video below, copper(II) sulfate is used in the luminol solution, which is why one of the containers is light blue.]  For this reason, luminol can be used in the detection of blood, since it can be activated by the iron in hemoglobin.
Depending on how well the solution is buffered, the blue glow produced by this reaction can persist for a couple of minutes.
    In the demonstration below, the light blue luminol solution and the colorless hydrogen peroxide solution are poured together in a funnel, to which a coil of clear tubing has been attached.

Contact Us
Add: 399 Fucheng Avenue, Chengdu High-tech Zone
Moble:+86-13668227666 Manager Yuan
Copyright (C) 2019, Sichuan Biochem-ZX Research Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.Supported by ChemNet ChinaChemNet Toocle Copyright Notice